Wildlife & National Parks of Thailand

เว็บไซต์ชุมชนสำหรับการแบ่งปันข้อมูล ภาพถ่ายและประสบการณ์เกี่ยวกับสัตว์ป่า ความหลากหลายทางชีวภาพและพื้นที่คุ้มครองในประเทศไทย มาร่วมกันสร้างความตระหนักที่มีต่อโลกอันงดงามรอบตัวของเราด้วยกัน
Wildlife Thailand is a community website for sharing information, photographs and experiences on Thailand's wildlife, bio-diversity and protected areas. Creating awareness of this wonderful world around us.

The mammals of Thailand.

Thailand's Malayan Tapir

 

The endangered Asian, or Malayan, tapir (Tapirus indicus) is the only surviving Old World species within the world's 4 species of tapir. It is characterised by its long prehensile nose and distinctive black and white colouration which it is believed breaks up the outline of the body in the gloom of the dense forests in which it lives.

Formerly ranging across Southeast Asia, the tapir today exists as a series of isolated populations in Malaysia, western Thailand, Indonesia and Myanmar. Thailand's total population is anticipated (there has been no indepth research) to be less than 250 animals, putting it that dangerous category of being as rare as the wild tiger in Thailand. Indeed its worldwide population is estimated at 1500-2000 adults, which is significantly less than the worldwide population of tigers. A truely endangered animal whose existance in Thailand is as a direct result of Thailand's extensive National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary system, and the ongoing protection of those areas.

The animals are mainly nocturnal but are known to be active diurnally as well. Our own experiences in the Kaeng Krachan National Park have all been nocturnal incidences and we have photographed this individual before. About 6 months ago he was showing terrible scarring on his torso and front leg, from an encounter presumably with a predator or another male Tapir, as they are known to fight fiercly. This is the first time we have captured his image since and thankfully his open wounds (not visible in this photograph) have now fully healed. 

For more detailed information and insights regarding the Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), click on the following links:

Tapir Video Kaeng Krachan

The Tapir Specialist Group

IUCN Red Book Malayan Tapir Page

 

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Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)

As we all know, sightings of wild cats are particularly rare in Thailand and sightings of some cats are rarer than others. 

In our camera trapping exploits, with the staff of the Kaeng Krachan National Park, a capture of any felid is always an occasion for celebration. The animal, its behavior and habitat are always working against us. All one has in the quiver is a mix of 10% equipment, 10% knowledge and 80% of sheer unadulterated luck.

But with enough time, luck becomes a more reliable ally. And so, there we sat, Paul, Ed and Sudat on a rainy hillside, removing a camera from a trial set that we had decided to try on an impulse. There had been discussion before placing the camera as the animal track was just a small depression in the hillside, it had no valid start and no valid end – it just existed in limbo. We had no idea if it was a remnant track or still used, or by what.

Two months after the decision to place the camera trap, we were sat in the mud with the trap disassembled around my legs, scrolling through the pictures captured using the screen on the back of the camera with the other two peaking intensely over my shoulders. The conditions for viewing the screen were not great but one frame had something strange in it, something small and dark, I zoomed in.

We all realized at the same time, and 3 shouts emitted simultaneously. Our 6th wild cat species from Kaeng Krachan National Park.

This was our first ever “glimpse” of the elusive and rarely photographed marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata marmorata) in three and a half years of our camera trap photography project in the park.

a Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata)

The marbled cat is similar in size to a domestic cat, but with a thickly furred tail that is one of its standout characteristics, and is an adaptation to its arboreal exploits, where its tail is used as a counterbalance. As you can see from the photographs, its coat pattern is extremely well suited to the forest and in the uncropped version of the photograph one has to concentrate to see the cat on the forest floor.

The Marbled Cat has never been intensively studied, but Grassman et al. (2005) report a preliminary home range estimate of 5.3 kmฒ for an adult female who was radio-collared and tracked for one month in Thailand's Phu Khieu National Park. There is no detailed information regarding Marbled Cat diet, but it probably preys primarily on rodents, including squirrels (Nowell and Jackson 1996), and birds. [1]

a Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata) 2

More information on this fascinating species can be found at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/16218/0

[1] Ross, J., Brodie, J., Cheyne, S., Hearn, A., Loken, B., Lynam, A., McCarthy, J., Phan, C., Rasphone, A., Singh, P. & Wilting, A. 2015. Pardofelis marmorata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T16218A50661236. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-4.RLTS.T16218A50661236.en.

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