Mammals

Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris)

hog badger 4563

Kaeng Krachan National Park has once again given us a another fascinating insight into Thailand's cryptic mammal species, this time a hog badger (Arctonyx collaris). A terrestrial mustelid that is widespread throughout Southeast Asia.

The world’s largest badger, the hog badger (Arctonyx collaris) is aptly named for its unusual pig-like snout. The fur on it's body is generally brown in colour but shades vary between individuals and populations and sometimes, as seen clearly here, a distinctive yellow colouration is present.

The head is yellow-white, as is the thick tail and two distinctive dark stripes run from the snout, past the eyes, to the back of the head The throat, ears and tail are white, the belly is black, and the short, black legs bear long powerful white claws.

The hog badger is active both by day and by night, resting in burrows which may either be natural structures, such as rock crevices, or excavated by the badger in the loose forest soils using its long claws.

hog badger in Kaeng Krachan National Park

An omnivorous species, the hog badger is believed to specialize in earthworms, but also feeds on roots, tubers, insects and small vertebrates. It is thought to use its pig like snout to root in the undergrowth for food, as well as using its powerful claws to access food deeper in the forest soils.

The hog badger is predated by the dhole (Cuon alpinus), the tiger (Panthera tigris) and the leopard (Panthera pardus). The distinctive stripes on the face of the badger may be interpreted as aposematic, meaning they act to warn potential predators of the hog badger’s ability to release noxious odours from its anal scent glands, or its ferocity when threatened.

It is likely that the secretions from its anal scent glands are also used to mark territory. The following video offers another fascinating Kaeng Krachan insight into a wild hog badger scent marking, presumably marking territory, both by spray and rubbing behaviours.

 

 

Hog Badger (Arctonyx collaris) from Wildlife Thailand on Vimeo.

Further details on the Hog Badger can be read at IUCN RED LIST Hog Badger and a full species range map at Arctonyx collaris Range Map

Details of the snout and claws.

 

 

 

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onflipflops's Avatar
onflipflops replied the topic: #2081 4 years 4 months ago
I thought I had replied on this post, but don't see my reply.
Last three days I was on a herping trip in Khao Yai with a fellow snake enthusiast. A very succesful trip with 16 snakes, 7 species, and some other nice mammal sightings including a Mouse Deer and Pileated Gibbon.
But the first animal we got to see on this 3-day trip was a Hog Badger crossing the road. I had only seen this species once before, a few years ago. No idea if they are rare in KY or just uncommon to encounter in the accessible area of the park.
This time I managed to get some distance shots as proof. Below a 100% crop.



Is this species more commonly seen in the West?
Bagheera's Avatar
Bagheera replied the topic: #2084 4 years 4 months ago
Great shot of the world's largest badger! and the tree strikes again!
Thanks for the info on the species aswell, compliments the picture nicely..
Paul T's Avatar
Paul T replied the topic: #2096 4 years 4 months ago

onflipflops wrote: Is this species more commonly seen in the West?


Not sure at all. I would suspect "common" but not "commonly seen".

I have only ever seen one and that was in Khao Yai National Park, in the day also, I was bugging a few years ago (actually one of my first ever bug trips, back in D2x days) down on the river by the old golf course. On my hands and knees I heard a noise and there was one about 10 meters in front of me heading straight for me. I made a noise, he simply turned around and headed back the where he came from.

"Each species is a masterpiece, a creation assembled with extreme care and genius." > Edward O. Wilson

"An understanding of the Natural World and whats in it is a source of not only a great curiosity but great fulfillment." > Sir David Attenborough

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