Dugongs (sea cows)

08 Apr 2020 15:41 - 27 Mar 2023 07:25 #5451 by wvwv
Dugongs (sea cows) was created by wvwv

Photo via TravelforSenses.com

I've spent a long time floating above sea grass beds, sitting in watchtowers and on viewpoints, as well as reading research papers. So perhaps the info below will help others in their quest for the dugong. I should mention from the start that I have never actually seen one!  [edit, I have now  ] But I think I've been unlucky and that if you put the time in you should get a sighting averaging roughly every 8-12 hours. I must have spent approx 25-30 hours looking for them, most of that on the water kayaking and snorkeling.

The best place to go by far is Trang province. Koh Libong, Koh Mook, Hat Chao Mai National Park, Sikao and Koh Sukorn area. Other parts of Thailand have dugongs e.g. Krabi, Trat, but in so few numbers that you would need to be doing an aerial survey to have any realistic chance of seeing them.

Koh Libong (sometimes called Koh Talibong) is the main hotspot but the waters are never very clear in my experience; max 5 metre vis. So Libong works better when viewing from above i.e. a viewpoint, or surface watching from a boat. There's no point snorkeling. Koh Mook is a better opportunity for snorkeling because the waters are a little clearer - typically visibility in dry season around the sea grass bed area is 8-10 metres. Mook is the place to go to try and snorkel with them and get good underwater pictures, but there are fewer dugong around Mook.

Most boat trips (from Libong or Hat Yao Pier) last about 4 hours and are reported to have a roughly 1 in 3 chance of a sighting. Most people attempt to see dugongs from these longtail boat trips. I don't really agree with them because dugongs are occasionally injured or killed by boat strikes. But on the flipside, it does provide many of the locals with a source of income and encourage them to protect the marine life. In the not so distant past they used to eat dugong, which doesn't happen anymore. I think kayaking is better but the distances involved from the kayak rental to the dugong areas can be far, except off Koh Mook where the sea grass beds are only a few hundred metres from the nearest kayak rental.

I notice that on a few review and blog sites where people have reported seeing dugongs, they have actually posted a picture of a dolphin. Dugongs don't have dorsal fins... Dolphins and turtles are common around these islands. I've seen two pods of dolphins and I see at least one turtle almost every time I snorkel/kayak. Turtles eat sea grass just like dugong. If you see something grey break the surface 20 metres away but can't really tell what it is, it's more likely to be a turtle than a dugong. However the research papers record more dugong sightings than turtles, I think that's because dugong are bigger, move more and stay in shallower water longer. The turtles are often found resting on the seabed and would not be picked up by aerial surveys unless surfacing. Also dugong are more inquisitive and (apparently) more likely to come to the kayak/boat (when the engine is off). Turtles never hang around. The dolphins around Trang break the water surface with more of a splash, but it's not like you see on documentaries where the bottlenose variety launch themselves out of the water... This green turtle was resting on the seabed until I disturbed it:

This research is from 2005/2008 but it is still useful to show you where to look and what to look for.

Most people head to Koh Libong but you might be better kayaking from Hat Yao on the mainland (there is kayak rental there) to the 2 circled areas (taken from link above). Hat Yao Pier also has longtail boat rental. But still a long 6-7km kayak (at least an hour each way) and there are currents which might help or hinder depending on the tide. Also the wind direction and strength should be checked on a site like Windguru. Ideally you want to be kayaking with the wind, but more than a light breeze is not ideal as it creates bigger waves.

If on Libong itself there are two main viewpoints - Point Dugong which is a short walk through a cave system and up onto a craggy outcrop of rocks, and a 4-storey watchtower at the end of a fishing pier in the main village of Bata Bute. I am not sure if there is kayak rental in that village but if you could find it it would save you a lot of paddling. On the map above I've added a third circle where there seems to be frequent sightings of dugong, perhaps not because there are many more dugong there than elsewhere but because the vantage points make it easier to see them. I have done the Point Dugong walk before and the guy manning a drinks' stand there said tourists earlier in the day had seen dugong.

This is a water monitor swimming about 200m below Point Dugong, probably a little smaller in length than the average dugong. So you should be able to get some okay/good images of dugong from there with a good zoom.

A view of Koh Phettra from Point Dugong:

A view of the watchtower at the end of the pier from Point Dugong: You can see how much higher Point Dugong is.

A turtle breaking the surface: I was in a kayak I'd paddled around from Libong Sunset Beach Resort.


Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

08 Apr 2020 15:48 - 15 May 2020 18:43 #5452 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
So onto Koh Mook area...

The ferry ride itself is a good opportunity to try and spot them so head to the upper deck and keep your eyes open. I have seen a grey dugong-sized shape break the surface from this boat but could not be sure it was a dugong.

Once on the island I normally head to Koh Mook Garden Beach Resort/Koh Mook Resort, two resorts next to each other overlooking the seagrass beds. I then swim or kayak out and wait, and wait. When staying at KM Garden Beach another guest there did see dugongs one morning; a mother and calf. I think she was swimming. At low tide you can almost walk to the seagrass beds. At high tide it is a 400m swim/paddle. Koh Mook Garden Beach Resort will rent you a kayak inexpensively and you can go around the island to Emerald Cave (the highlight of the island) and drop the kayak at Farang Beach where they will pick it up later. There are some hidden beaches and various different marine habitats along the way ranging from the seagrass to corals (clownfish and eels) etc, to patches of water sheltered by towering karst cliffs where sea fans grow a few metres beneath the surface.

I've seen two krait seasnakes around the karst area, they like the caves. You have to get a bit lucky with the weather when snorkelling around Mook, usually the visibility is about 10 metres but once I experienced 15-20 metres and it makes all the difference, especially if you can't dive down. There are lots of large starfish in and around the seagrass beds at Koh Mook:

There is one main viewpoint on Koh Mook at 'Jungle Camp' which is great for sunset but this does not have views over sea grass beds.

I have often gazed up at the karts and wondered if there was a way up there and perhaps a vantage point like Point Dugong on Koh Libong. So on my latest trip I managed to get up, mostly on a trail but the last 200 metres up the steepest part was no trail and not easy at all. Once up there is a view over the pier and seagrass beds, but it is too far away. The darker patches of water are seagrass fields. The second picture is Koh Kradan on the other side of Koh Mook and beneath that is the GPS track if anybody wants to give it a go. Most of the track is the same track that leads to Sabai Beach and the main Jungle Camp viewpoint so it is well-travelled up until the point you turn off that path and start ascending.

File Attachment:

File Name: 03301116mo...0408.gpx
File Size:32 KB

One other area of note is part of Hat Chao Mai National Park. It is a raised boardwalk with a couple of decking areas that overlook the estuary and do give a good view of seagrass beds. It is worth a look but it is unfinished and has been for the last 3+ years. It seems like the project has been shelved indefinitely and it makes you wonder why they start if they aren't going to finish. It is about 60-70% complete. The sections which are not boarded over are not so easy to navigate around but if you manage to get all the way you emerge at a couple of nice beaches. Below photo is taken from the Koh Mook ferry, you can see part of the boardwalk.

If you want to get the best view you have to climb a bit further up the granite rocks: Koh Mook is centre.

As a final note... It seems like a combination of drone and kayak would be ideal if the drone had networking capabilities to send images back to your phone. You'd be able to see them and then paddle over. It would be doing the same job as the microlite aircrafts that are usually used, at a fraction of the cost and at much closer quarters.
The following user(s) said Thank You: Paul T

Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

13 Apr 2020 15:00 #5453 by Paul T
Replied by Paul T on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
Wow that fantastic info, I will definitely try that in the future. Currently stuck in lockdown in UK, this made my adventure juices start flowing again.

Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

09 Dec 2021 23:33 - 09 Dec 2021 23:37 #5711 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
Weather was bad on a recent trip to Trang so I didn't spend much time looking for dugongs this time.  Spent a night on Koh Libong and sat at Point Dugong Lookout for 3-4 hours at high tide.  Saw several turtles down below but nothing I could positively identify as a dugong.  One of the turtles:


At low tide I also jogged around to Ju Hoy Peninsula where Koh Libong Non-Hunting Area HQ is (labelled incorrectly as a national park on Google Maps).  They were surprised to see me because usually you can only arrive by boat and I guess visitors must be a rarity even in that case.  If you want to try jogging there it's about 6km each way from the nearest dirt road (co-ordinates 7.243856623560114, 99.41240745613672 ) and you have a window of about 2 hours at low tide.  You can't just cut back onto land if you don't get back in time because it's all mangrove forest and mud.  Stay quite far out from the mangroves (follow the locals that are digging in the sand for something edible - you can see them in the first picture below) because it's sandy rather than muddy and much easier to walk/run.  But whatever route you take your shoes are going to get wet/dirty for sure.  There is nothing much to see or do at the HQ but the views are good.






Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

25 Feb 2022 11:05 #5762 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
 The latest attempt to find dugong ended in failure!  I am starting to doubt this 1 in 3 probability that is mentioned here and there.

This time I had a packraft with me and paddled across to Libong and Mook (in the general area of the seagrass beds).  With calm seas it's quite relaxing and therapeutic.  I could float out there all day if the sun weren't so strong.

I started from a small village called Phra Muang and on the way to Libong the tide was low and the water level was much lower than expected - much of it was wading through knee deep water and walking on sandbanks.  There is a small island called Koh Nok เกาะนก which breaks up the journey, that island also has a ranger station.



Image above is Koh Libong on the horizon.

On arrival at Libong I camped at the Koh Libong No Hunting place mentioned earlier.  The guy in charge there is friendly and phoned his boss to check it was okay.  He remembered me from last time.  There are two very cute cats.  That's Phra Muang where I came from, top right of photo. 


They already had a fire going burning some wood and leaves so I cooked my rice on that.


The next day for the return paddle I thought everything was in my favour - deep water, known area for dugong, flat sea conditions.  I took my time but didn't see anything, not even any turtles.

I found this infographic at the HQ area and I have overlaid my two GPS tracks onto it.  So I am sure I was in the right sort of area.


I slept that night at Had Chao Mai National Park, the place with the raised boardwalk which still isn't finished.  A red-tailed racer snake, not very old.  I found a huge one of these on Koh Chang once.



The dog followed me around all day, it didn't even bark at the snake, just said hello amicably.

Onto Koh Mook - same idea, paddled out at nearly high tide, also had a brief snorkel.  The water is clearer here so I could see the seagrass on the bottom.  I saw so many turtles, maybe 10-12 times a turtle head breached the surface - once very close to my boat, 5 metres or so.  I was paddling around (mostly sat floating) for less than 2 hours and only covered a small area of the sea grass field, so there must be 100s of turtles between Mook and the mainland.  Again conditions were great but no dugong.  This area looks more promising to me than the sea between Libong and the mainland.


Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

28 Mar 2022 23:13 #5770 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
New aerial survey March 2022:


About 170 dugongs, 27 Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins and 141 sea turtles have been sighted along islands in Trang during an aerial survey, says the Department of Marine and Coastal Resources (DMCR).Some more photos from web.facebook.com/DMCRTH/photos




Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

07 Sep 2022 17:29 #5872 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
Some turtle images from latest trip last month.  From packraft around Koh Mook and at Point Dugong viewpoint on Koh Libong.  No dugong...





Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

27 Mar 2023 12:24 #5890 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
Finally got a nice sighting from Point Dugong.


I'd still like to swim with one and get an underwater perspective.  I paddled between the mainland and Mook and Libong but only saw turtles.

I literally camped out at Point Dugong for 2 nights, putting tent up at sunset and taking down by 7am.  The upper platform is rarely visited by anyone because there's no boardwalk or stairs to get there, the lower platform is where most people finish.  At high tide I'd sit and watch the water and at low tide I'd go down and explore around the island, eat etc.  The upper platform is good for sunsets and sunrises, the lower platform blocks off the view to the west so only sunrises.


Whilst I was waiting there were more turtles and a blue rock thrush.



The first time I noticed the dugong was when I heard some commotion and shouts of 'payoon' (Thai for dugong) on the lower platform which is about 100m beneath where I was.







Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

27 Mar 2023 12:35 - 27 Mar 2023 12:39 #5891 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
This boat turned up, it headed straight for the area and cut the engine so somebody must have told it where the dugong was.  It was all local fishermen and kids, not tourists, and they seemed very excited like this was a rare encounter for them.  Reinforced my view that you need to be very lucky to see dugong.

Some observations of the behaviour of this individual... it stayed at the surface for about 5 seconds before descending again, a little longer than turtles. About 2 minutes underwater between breaths.  In quite shallow water, 3-4 metres.  When boat engines are close it descended deeper (to the seabed?) and didn't return to the surface for 4 or 5 minutes.  It moved very slowly through the water, so you can predict roughly where they will surface next; it won't be too far away.

Some pics of the trip from Hat Yao beach on the mainland to Koh Libong, coming ashore on a deserted beach, from where I walked to the 'stone bridge' which is one of the tourist attractions on Libong.  There is road access from there to the rest of the island.




This is shark fin rock (centre left) which is at the end of Hat Yao Beach, where I started paddling from.  Photo taken from Point Dugong.


Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

03 Oct 2023 19:43 - 04 Oct 2023 10:23 #7000 by wvwv
Replied by wvwv on topic Dugongs (sea cows)
This is a great video of dugong in Trang.  Really shallow water and appears to be feeding in an area without much sea grass.  I read on another site that they seem to favour patches of seagrass that are short (fresh shoots?) rather than the fields of really long sea grass like you might expect they would make a beeline for.


I need to buy a drone.


Please Log in or Create an account to join the conversation.

"Each species is a masterpiece, a creation assembled with extreme care and genius." > Edward O. Wilson

"An understanding of the Natural World and whats in it is a source of not only a great curiosity but great fulfillment." > Sir David Attenborough

“Climb up on some hill at sunrise.  Everybody needs perspective once in a while, and you’ll find it there.” > Robb Sagendorph

©2024 wildlifethailand.com

Please publish modules in offcanvas position.